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FAQs about the Canadian ELD Mandate

ELD Basics

All your ELD Basics FAQs.


All of your Record of Duty Status questions.


All of your ELD Enforcement questions.

Exemptions and Exceptions

All of your questions about Exemptions & Exceptions.

Hours of Service

All of your Hours of Service questions.

Malfunctions and Diagnostics

All of your Malfunctions/Diagnostics of ELDs questions.

Third-Party Certification

All of your questions about Third-Party Certification.

Vehicle Movements

All questions about Vehicle Movements.

Everything ELD: Canada

On June 12, 2019, Transport Canada — the Canadian government’s department responsible for developing transportation regulations and policies — released an amendment to the Commercial Vehicle Drivers HOS Regulations in the Canada Gazette, Part II. The amendment mandates that federally-regulated motor carriers and drivers maintaining daily paper logs for recording HOS will need to replace those paper logs with ELDs that have been tested and certified by an accredited, third-party certification body.

The effective date for the Canadian ELD Mandate is June 12, 2021, and it reflects the date when the regulations take effect. However, based on CCMTA’s recommendations, enforcement of the mandate will initially be in the form of education and awareness. Extra-provincial motor carriers and drivers should follow the guidance provided by each of the provinces and territories during this interim period. Read our blog article for important information and updates regarding phased enforcement.   

Canadian ELD Resources:

Omnitracs is helping make Canadian roads safer with certified ELD
Blog: Canada issues Hours of Service Exemption for COVID-19 Relief
Blog: Third-Party Developments Are Underway for Canadian ELD Testing — Here’s How We’re Preparing to Help You
Webinar: Insights into the Canadian ELD Mandate
eBook: 3 Benefits to ELD Compliance in Canada
Infographic: 8 Steps to ELD Migration Success
Infographic: 12 Days of ELDs
Information Resource: Get the Facts about the Canadian ELD Mandate
Information Resource: ELD Preparedness Checklist
Infographic: 5 Reasons Drivers in Canada Will Love ELDs
Webinar: Canadian ELD Insights
Webinar: Canadian ELD Roundtable
Blog: Breaking Down the Canadian ELD Mandate Enforcement Announcement
Blog: From the Canadian ELD Mandate and beyond, You Can Count On Omnitracs
Information Resource: 7 Key Differences Between the U.S. and Canadian ELD Mandates
Blog: The Canadian ELD Mandate Now Has a General Timeline for Phased Enforcement
Webinar: Canadian ELD – What to Expect after June 12, 2021
Blog: 7 Things to Keep Top Of Mind Now That the Canadian ELD Mandate Is in Effect
Product Resource: Omnitracs ELD Cab Cards and User Manuals
Blog: 3 New Updates on the Canadian ELD Mandate
Quick Facts on the Canadian ELD Amendment  

•    Similar to the underlying purpose of the ELD regulations adopted by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), the Canadian ELD rules standardize processes to prevent errors, logbook tampering, and driver harassment.

•    Except for the addition of the ELD and other amendments, HOS regulations for commercial drivers in Canada remain mostly intact.

•    The amendment will require replacing paper logs and upgrading existing electronic recording devices with a regulation-compliant ELD device that connects directly to the engine ECM.

•    ELD devices in Canada will require compliance with the technical standards maintained by the Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administrators (CCMTA) and must be certified by an accredited third party. This is unlike the U.S. ELD Mandate that allowed ELD providers to self-certify their devices. U.S.-based carriers who operate in Canada will need to verify the devices they use to meet the U.S. ELD Mandate are also certified through the third-party, accredited certification process in Canada.

•    The final Canadian ELD Amendment, as published on June 12, 2019, does not contain a grandfather clause allowing for the continued use of an existing electronic recording device beyond the compliance time of June 12, 2021.

•    Canada will likely not approve exemptions to the same extent the U.S. has. As previously stated, the Canadian HOS regulations remain mostly untouched. The exceptions from the requirement for a commercial motor vehicle to be equipped with a certified ELD device are:

o    When being operated under a permit;
o    While being operated by a carrier to which an exemption has been issued under the Motor Vehicle Transport Act;
o    Subject to a rental agreement of no longer than 30 days that is not an extended or renewed rental of the same vehicle; or
o    When operating a commercial motor vehicle manufactured before model year 2000

Canadian ELD Required Functionalities 

The majority of the regulations amending the Commercial Vehicle Drivers HOS Regulations, as published in Canada Gazette, Part II, Volume 152, Number 12, are dedicated to the Technical Standards for ELDs.

Data sharing: Data will need to be easily — and securely — shared with law enforcement in a standardized format to save time and reduce confusion. There is a requirement for a certified device to have a single-step method to electronically transfer RODS at roadside. 

Logbook edits: Drivers will be able to edit their logs (with required annotations) and will be required to certify their RODS. Carriers will be able to suggest edits to a driver log; however, the edits suggested by the motor carrier will require the driver’s approval. 

Data collection: Devices will collect additional data, including engine power status, vehicle motion status, vehicle location, engine hours, miles driven, driver CDL#, truck VIN#, and more.

Driver alerts: Devices will be required to prompt the driver(s) logging into a vehicle with a warning indicating the existence of new unassigned driving time and also alert the driver when a device malfunction is detected.

Driver duty status: In addition to the various duty statuses already provided for in the HOS regulations, the ELD will provide for the special driving conditions of On-Duty Yard Move and Off-Duty Personal Conveyance. Both of these special driving conditions allow for vehicle movement without counting against allotted drive time. In Canada, Personal Conveyance will be subject to the current limitations of the Canadian HOS rules.

External Resources for the Canadian ELD Mandate

Visit Transport Canada’s official website to view real-time Canadian ELD updates, read through exemptions under the Motor Vehicle Transport Act, and more. 

Gain valuable ELD FAQs, view the Technical Standard for ELDs, and more on the CCMTA’s official website.



Everything ELD: U.S.

As of December 16, 2019, unless otherwise exempt from the requirements for using an ELD while operating a commercial motor vehicle, all U.S. commercial vehicle drivers are required to use an ELD to maintain their RODS.

U.S. ELD Resources

Blog: FMCSA Releases COVID-19 HOS Emergency Declaration (Periodic Updates Included)
Blog: Answering Your Top 20 questions on New HOS Changes
Blog: Three Helpful Facts to Keep in Mind on ELDs and eRODS
Blog: Regulatory HOS changes are Heading Our Way — Your Top Questions Answered
Blog: The FMCSA has Released a Final Rule on Hours of Service — Here’s What You Need to Know
White Paper: 5 Ways ELDs Can Enhance Your Operation
Webinar: Meet the Experts: Enhance Your Understanding of New HOS Changes
eBook: 3 Benefits of ELDs beyond Compliance
History of the U.S. ELD Mandate

In 2012, the United States Congress enacted the “Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century” bill, more commonly referred to as MAP-21.

That bill, which also outlined the criteria for highway funding, included a provision requiring the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) to develop a rule mandating the use of ELDs.

Fleets had until December 2017 to implement certified ELDs to record HOS. Fleets that were already equipped with Automatic On-Board Recording Devices (AOBRDs) before December 2017 had until December 16, 2019, to ensure compliance with the published specifications.

U.S. ELD Exemptions for Commercial Drivers:

Per the mandate, the following persons are not required to use ELDs: 

  • Drivers who use paper logs no more than eight days during any 30-day period 

  • Driveaway and towaway drivers transporting vehicle commodities, motor homes, recreational vehicle trailers (where one set of wheels of the transported vehicle must be on the surface while being transported) 

  • Drivers operating vehicles manufactured before the model year of 2000 

*Although these persons may be considered exempt, carriers are still encouraged to use ELDs even when not required. 

FAQs about the U.S. ELD Mandate

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions on the U.S. ELD Mandate. 

External Resources for the U.S. ELD Mandate

Visit the FMCSA’s official site to gain official ELD information, updates on HOS regulations, international HOS regulations, ELD FAQs, and more.

Read through the full ELD Final Rule released by the FMCSA and the U.S. Department of Transportation.



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